London Pollution data: What’s being done?

London is well in breach of the EU’s emission standards. The pollution levels are high in the city and there are concerns that enough isn’t being done to tackle the problem. Transporting London looks at what is being done and what is being planned by City Hall.

Creative commons
Creative Commons

What’s been done so far?

  • Tightening the standards for the Low Emission Zone
  • Retiring 3,000 of the oldest, most polluting taxis
  • Cleaning up the bus fleet
  • Retrofitting over 400,000 buildings to reduce their emissions
  • Requiring new developments to be air quality neutral
  • Creating a new £20m Air Quality Fund to help boroughs tackle local hotspots

The results:

A reduction in nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions by 20 per cent, halving the number of
Londoners living in areas exceeding legal limits and the emissions of PM(10)* by 15 per cent.

* Particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter (PM10) are so small that they can get into the lungs, potentially causing serious health problems. Ten micrometers is smaller than the width of a single human hair.

How polluted is where you are at the moment? Find out here

Main sources of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions in London

  1. Industry and Commercial – 42%
  2. Domestic (household pollution) – 37%
  3. Transport – 21%

Within Transport (21%) category:

  • Cars and Motorcycles – 47%
  • Ground based aviation (taxing aircraft etc.) – 11%
  • National Rail – 10%
  • Heavy Goods Vehicles (e.g. Lorries) – 9%
  • London Underground – 7%
  • Light Goods Vehicles (e.g. Vans) – 7%
  • Bus and Couch – 6%
  • Taxis – 2%
  • DLR, Tram, Overground and Shipping – 1%

Main sources of NOx emissions in London

  1. Transport – 63%
  2. Non-Road Mobile Machinery – 14%
  3. Gas (Non-domestic) – 9%
  4. Gas (Domestic) – 7%
  5. Industry – 7%
  6. Other – 1%

Within Transport (63%) Category:

  • Diesel Cars – 11%
  • Ground based aviation – 8%
  • TfL Buses – 8%
  • Rigid Heavy Goods Vehicles – 8%
  • Rail – 8%
  • Petrol Cars – 7%
  • Light Goods Vehicles – 5%
  • Articulated Heavy Goods Vehicles – 4%
  • Coaches – 2%
  • Taxis – 2%
  • River – 1%
  • Motorcycles – 1%

Top 10 measures for the next five years

1) Implementing an Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) in central London
2) Tightening the Low Emission Zone
3) Making traffic management and regulation smarter
4) Helping Londoners tackle air pollution and climate change
5) Driving the uptake of Low Emission Vehicles
6) Cleaning up electricity for London’s transport
7) Transforming London’s bus fleet
8) Delivering zero emissions taxi and private hire fleets
9) Transforming London’s public and commercial fleets
10) Developing Low Emission Neighbourhoods

How polluted is where you live? Find out here

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